Skip to Content
  • Spread the word

Legacy Giving

Engaging Zimbabwe Communities in Anti-Poaching and Conservation Efforts

Zambezi River: a critical wildlife habitat, under threat


During the dry season from April to October, massive numbers of wildlife are drawn to the Zambezi River, which is the fourth-longest river in Africa and forms the border between Zimbabwe and its northern neighbor, Zambia. Over 10,000 elephants migrate seasonally to the river, joining herds of buffalo, zebra and waterbuck, among other species, making the Lower Zambezi transboundary conservation area home to some of the most threatened wildlife and ecosystems in Africa.

In addition to sustaining wildlife, the river serves as a major resource for the fishing-heavy communities in the area, leading to competition between humans and animals for space around the river and in its surrounding forests. This tension, combined with the extreme poverty levels of communities, has made the Lower Zambezi area a hotspot for poachers. The river also serves as a conduit for poachers, giving them a relatively easy way to transport illegal wildlife products and cross the border between Zimbabwe and Zambia.

Expanding and implementing anti-poaching projects

With new funding from the European Union, AWF plans to expand work in the landscape, focusing on engaging communities and supporting them in anti-poaching and anti-trafficking efforts.

AWF is working to understand how fishermen in the landscape fit into the poaching industry. We plan to provide support for fisheries in exchange for critical information about the illegal poaching trade. Any fishers who are poachers should be incentivized to turn away from poaching; those who aren’t involved in the illegal wildlife trade can still play a vital role by providing information such as the whereabouts of poachers or timing of poaching activities.

We’ll also strengthen the capacity of community scouts, already in place, who lack the equipment and skills needed to apprehend poachers. AWF will provide equipment, and the scouts will participate in joint training and patrols with the Zimbabwe Parks and Wildlife Management Authority.

Addressing agriculture to incentivize conservation

Between expanding agriculture and charcoal production, poverty-stricken communities are consuming the Zambezi valley’s natural resources at an unsustainable rate. The landscape has suffered drastic deforestation, especially at the hands of the tobacco industry. To mitigate the effects of that destruction, AWF and a local partner plan to engage tobacco farmers, introducing sustainable technology that burns less wood in the tobacco-curing process.

AWF is also working to address human-wildlife conflicts that occur within the landscape. Although there are protected areas, elephants occasionally wander outside of the borders, trampling properties and gardens that local people depend on for their livelihoods. AWF has trained farmers in growing chili peppers, a natural elephant deterrent and a boon to the farmers; in a similar AWF project in Uganda, over 200 households that participated in the chili-growing project increased their total average income by 25 percent.

To learn more about our programs and how you can help ensure wildlife and wild lands thrive in modern Africa, contact Jessica Moes at 202-939-3322 or

eBrochure Request Form

Please provide the following information to view the brochure.

First name is required
Last Name is required
Please include an '@' in the email address

A charitable bequest is one or two sentences in your will or living trust that leave to the African Wildlife Foundation a specific item, an amount of money, a gift contingent upon certain events or a percentage of your estate.

an individual or organization designated to receive benefits or funds under a will or other contract, such as an insurance policy, trust or retirement plan

Bequest Language

"I, [name], of [city, state, ZIP], give, devise and bequeath to the African Wildlife Foundation [written amount or percentage of the estate or description of property] for its unrestricted use and purpose."

able to be changed or cancelled

A revocable living trust is set up during your lifetime and can be revoked at any time before death. They allow assets held in the trust to pass directly to beneficiaries without probate court proceedings and can also reduce federal estate taxes.

cannot be changed or cancelled

tax on gifts generally paid by the person making the gift rather than the recipient

the original value of an asset, such as stock, before its appreciation or depreciation

the growth in value of an asset like stock or real estate since the original purchase

the price a willing buyer and willing seller can agree on

The person receiving the gift annuity payments.

the part of an estate left after debts, taxes and specific bequests have been paid

a written and properly witnessed legal change to a will

the person named in a will to manage the estate, collect the property, pay any debt, and distribute property according to the will

A donor advised fund is an account that you set up but which is managed by a nonprofit organization. You contribute to the account, which grows tax-free. You can recommend how much (and how often) you want to distribute money from that fund to AWF or other charities. You cannot direct the gifts.

An endowed gift can create a new endowment or add to an existing endowment. The principal of the endowment is invested and a portion of the principal’s earnings are used each year to support our mission.

Tax on the growth in value of an asset—such as real estate or stock—since its original purchase.

Securities, real estate or any other property having a fair market value greater than its original purchase price.

Real estate can be a personal residence, vacation home, timeshare property, farm, commercial property or undeveloped land.

A charitable remainder trust provides you or other named individuals income each year for life or a period not exceeding 20 years from assets you give to the trust you create.

You give assets to a trust that pays our organization set payments for a number of years, which you choose. The longer the length of time, the better the potential tax savings to you. When the term is up, the remaining trust assets go to you, your family or other beneficiaries you select. This is an excellent way to transfer property to family members at a minimal cost.

You fund this type of trust with cash or appreciated assets—and may qualify for a federal income tax charitable deduction when you itemize. You can also make additional gifts; each one also qualifies for a tax deduction. The trust pays you, each year, a variable amount based on a fixed percentage of the fair market value of the trust assets. When the trust terminates, the remaining principal goes to AWF as a lump sum.

You fund this trust with cash or appreciated assets—and may qualify for a federal income tax charitable deduction when you itemize. Each year the trust pays you or another named individual the same dollar amount you choose at the start. When the trust terminates, the remaining principal goes to AWF as a lump sum.

A beneficiary designation clearly identifies how specific assets will be distributed after your death.

A charitable gift annuity involves a simple contract between you and AWF where you agree to make a gift to AWF and we, in return, agree to pay you (and someone else, if you choose) a fixed amount each year for the rest of your life.

Personal Estate Planning Kit Request Form

Please provide the following information to view the materials for planning your estate.

First name is required
Last Name is required
Please include an '@' in the email address